Archive for July 28, 2012

What is Piracy?

Internet Piracy is a controversial legal matter that should be studied more in-depth if you plan on downloading or distributing media online. We have all heard of Pirates of ancient times that violently captured ships on the open sea. This is a label that you do not want to be associated with or face serious charges, fines and even jail time.

In modern times, Piracy is used to describe someone that willingly infringes on the copyrights of another person’s work for commercial purposes. It is important to note that the law generally only considers piracy in commercial cases, but there have been situations where people have been criminally charged for distributing copyrighted work for free.

One such case involves a woman that downloaded a song using a peer-to-peer network, but the software was setup to load each time her computer started up. The peer-to-peer software would then seed the music file and it was downloaded by other users hundreds of thousands of times. The record label that owns the copyrights to the downloaded song sued the woman and she was forced to pay a fine by the courts even though she unknowingly distributed the file.

It some countries, you are legally allowed to create a digital copy of your purchased media like CDs, DVDs and other formats. The problem lies with distributing the copied work. Also, you might have to prove later down the line that you purchased the media that you copied.

There used to be a law that may be still in effect where you could download copyrighted work for educational purposes, but it had to be deleted within 24-72 hours. This policy could vary depending on your jurisdiction. Most Copyrighted work can be used for Parody or Educational purposes but most be cited unless otherwise stated.

There are very few peer-2-peer networks where you can download media from other people, and it is generally a good idea to stay away from them. You run the risk of getting your account suspended by your internet hosting provider, malware and viruses from bad software and even legal trouble.

The past few years peer-2-peer networks switched from direct downloads to torrent files. This was a small file that you downloaded and it connected you to users where you could download the media you were seeking like movies and songs. The websites that hosted these torrent files got around copyright laws because they didn’t actually host any copyrighted work. However, several of these torrent sites have been sued and shut down so once again peer-2-peer file exchange has been attacked by large media companies.

It is recommended to not download or share media files or MP3’s if you want to stay out of trouble. If you want to download a song without paying for it then you can try searching on Youtube and downloading the song using a Youtube convertor. If you can’t find the movie or song you are looking for by searching Google or YouTube then most of the time you will run into spam, adware and scams.

 

The History of Beer Drinking

There are a lot of people who appreciate fine wine around the world and they venture around, tasting different varieties, but when it comes to beer it is not something that we talk about in great length. We don’t need to study it or smell the aromas because we know that it is going to be good. There is nothing like a cold beer a hot Summer’s day or enjoying a barbeque with a group of friends with a couple of beers. Friends around the globe get together and talk for hours over a beer.

There is actually a lot one can say about beer history and how it has advanced to what it is today. It is interesting to note that beer was the first alcoholic beverage that was available to civilization and it is something that few of us could do without. Beer was also the first thing that humans made, which consisted of grain and water. This goes all the way back to 7,000 B.C. Monastaries and pubs began to brew beer for mass consumption. Jumping to the 1700’s we go over to Ireland where the famous Arthur Guinness is beginning to make the first Guinness stout. A couple of years later the first draught beer is invented. In 1880 Christian women went on a protest trying to convince others of the dangers associated with drinking beer. We all know how far they were to get with this because more and more advances were to follow. In the 1900’s the malt was invented.

People started to flock towards taverns and pubs where beer was flowing. Light variety of beers were created later on which pleased those who were trying to watch their weight.

Beer drinking is big everywhere. When the weekend is upon us we are either at the pub or somewhere more mellow with our favorite beer, but there are massive events and it is times like these where you will really see the beer begin to flow. When the Superbowl comes to town huge quantities of beer are consumed right across America. There are special beer drinking festivals, such as the Oktoberfest in Germany, which is the largest in the world. The second biggest is the Cannstatter Volksfest, which you will find in Stuttgart. You can also find a lot of festivals, similar to the Oktoberfest in smaller villages around Europe.

English: Oktoberfest, Munich, GFDL, from Ukrai...

English: Oktoberfest, Munich, GFDL, from Ukrainian Wikipedia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Britain also hosts some magical events in the Summer months. They also focus on ales and ciders and provide a music festival at the same time, which is a lot of fun.

Beer was first brewed by women in the medieval times and was known as more of a nutritional substance. The women were who did the cooking were appropriately called the “ale wives”. They learned these brewing methods from the monks in the monasteries. You may be surprised the many ways beer was used back in the day. For example, brides would use it to help pay for their wedding. Beer would also be given as a free token to travellers. It slowly progressed through the ages and the industrial revolutions to what it is today.

Best Tom Cruise Movies

Whether you are a fan or not, Tom Cruise has no doubt made his mark in
Hollywood. During the three decades that he has been in the business, he has transformed himself from an unknown actor to become a respected movie celebrity and producer. His works were even given recognition by award winning bodies like the Golden Globe Awards and Academy Awards.

Tom Cruise’s life is just as spectacular as the movies he starred in: from his early years wherein he reportedly struggled with dyslexia, his three marriages which all ended up with divorce and most especially, his support for the controversial Scientology religion. However, his personal life could never overshadow some of the movies which have greatly created an impact in everybody lives. Below are just some of movies which have made Tom Cruise a household name worldwide:

Cover of "Risky Business"

Cover of Risky Business

Risky Business

The movie shot in 1983 was about a wealthy pampered teenager played by Tom Cruise. His character name Joel turns to his mischievous deeds when his parents left him alone in the house. But his life was completely altered when he met a prostitute name Lana and proposed a rather unconventional business opportunity to pay up for the consequences of his actions which included the repairs of his dad’s very expensive Porsche.

The movie was iconic because of a certain scene wherein Cruise was seen running around in only his white shirt, socks and sunglasses. In Halloween parties today, expect to see someone depicting such character and costume.

Cover of "The Last Samurai (Two-Disc Spec...

Cover via Amazon

The Last Samurai

A historical-fictional movie showed Cruise playing a veteran of the Civil War. His character, Captain Nathan Algren, was tasked by the Americans to train Japanese troops so as to create that lucrative agreement with their Emperor. But the objective of teaching Japanese modern war techniques was diverted when Cruise was influenced to try out their traditions and learn the significance of code of honour.

Even the movie was supposed to be in the 1870’s, the values and principles exhibited in the movie are still very applicable in today’s modern times.

Vanilla Sky

A remake of the 1997 movie Spanish movie wherein Cruise played a rich guy who has taken everything for granted up until he met a girl whom he instantly fell in love with. Unfortunately, everything he has done wrong came back to haunt him including a car accident plotted by a revengeful ex-lover which left him horribly disfigured.

The movie was a weird mix of science, fiction, reality and romance which made it truly memorable and something you would certainly love to watch over and over again.

Top Gun

A movie showed in 1986 which earn Tom Cruise a place in the A-list. The whole story revolves around a naval pilot which Cruise played. His character was appointed to teach in the Top Gun Naval Flying School which left him to fight with other pilots and resist being associated with his father who committed a fatal error.

It was a very inspiring movie which influenced a lot of people to sign up for the army to serve the country. But it was not without the great flight scenes and very effective dialogues.

Although, Tom Cruise has made more great movies but you can be assured that once you see the movies mentioned above, you will quickly sign up to be an active member of his fan club.

Best Video Games for 2012

In the gaming industry, tons of games are developed daily. Materials are researched and wheels keep on spinning until developers produce a big hit. Some games are sequels of popular ones such as Call of Duty or Streefighter. But whatever it may be, players are constantly on the watch for the best video games of 2012. After all, an avid gamer takes only a couple of days to finish the game. But the real test of a game is whether people would keep on playing it after the hype is over. If you’re itching to know the best video games of 2012, here’s the list :

1. Diablo 3 – The overly-awaited series that captured fans from various age groups. Some were just kids when Diablo II was released. Now, these kids are teens who want to experience ultimate action and fantasy while battling hordes of demons and minions. Its diabolically artistic with secret levels that perplex the gamers. Blizzard has set the bar a notch higher again leaving competitors eating dust.

2. Total War Shogun: Fall of the Samurai – Sega Games has put this game on the top slot again through the expansion to SHOGUN 2. Choose from any of the six clans to choose from each with their own agenda. But aside from taking sides, you must also deal with foreign invaders such as Britain, America, and France. It all depends on what clan you want to join and what is your vision for Japan. Seems like too much burden for a player but this makes the game a runaway winner for this year.

3. Max Payne 3 – Another old-timer produced by Rockstar. It is heavily competing with Mass Effect 3 for the top spot. Pros includes great visuals and a wide array of weapons to bring down all your enemies. Much delight for first-person shooter games. However, the length of gameplay maybe quite disappointingsince it’s tops at 13 hours. It just shows that you can never have enough of a good thing.

4. Mass Effect 3 – The final episode in the trilogy that would leave gamers breathless. Talk about hard choices coupled with humor and sarcasm. Older players even feel emotional as the great characters of the game had to say goodbye after saving the galaxy. It’s something like Expendables meet Transformers so brace for action. Bioware has hit a homerun again.

5. Walking Dead: Episode 1 A New Dawn – If you love the series, you will fall in love with the game too. First, the story is great despite the depressing mission. Play the lead character Lee Everett and make choices that will spin the storyline as you meet other interesting characters. The visuals are gory and creepy so make sure you’re ready for such. Zombies are depicted in full glory in this exciting game by Telltale Games.

Currently, there are forthcoming games for the third quarter such as Call of Duty Black Ops 2 which can be unsettling for those in the top spots for best video games 2012. But whatever game you play, life becomes more enjoyable as you battle different opponents and save the planet once and for all.

Scientists may have discovered a New Moon orbiting Pluto

The recently declared dwarf planet Pluto has yet another space news to tell us. It has been observed by a team of astronomers having a new moon orbiting it. These astronomers have seen this discovery using the NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. They added that Pluto’s new moon, the fifth in the list with the designated name P5, is seen as irregular in shape and may be 6 to 15 miles in diameter. The detection of Pluto’s fifth moon was noted in nine different sets of images taken by the Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3. Date of detection were from the 26th of June till the 29th and then again on July 07 and July 09. The said moon, orbits its mother planet Pluto in a 58,000 mile-diameter.

The Pluto astronomers were amazed and intrigued all at the same time about this space news. They were intrigued how such a dwarf planet like Pluto can have intricate collection of moons. This new discovery will help astronomers and scientists in discovering how Pluto came to be as well as the evolutions that it underwent. Many theories have been drawn about how Pluto’s moons came to be but the favorite theory explains that all of Pluto’s moons are remnants of the Kuiper Belt and Pluto Collision billions of years ago. Kuiper Belt is a vast section past the orbit of Neptune. It is said to contain thousands among thousands of other dwarf planets.

Hubble Telescope.

Hubble Telescope. (Photo credit: doneastwest)

Not only that, scientists also believed that this new discovery will help them in their planned historic flyby in Pluto in July of 2015. The Pluto team is utilizing the Hubble to search the Pluto system of any potential threat that the New Horizon spacecraft may encounter on its way. One threat being feared is that it may crush or collide with orbital debris once it flies by Pluto. The discovery will also help them design and create a safer path for the New Horizon spacecraft.
In older space news delivered, Pluto’s other moons were named, Charon, Hydra, Nix, and P4, Charon being the largest moon of Pluto. It was discovered through observations done at the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. in 1978. While in 2006, Hubble observations unveiled two more small moons for Pluto, Nix and Hydra. 2011 yielded the discovery of the fourth moon named P4.

The years following the New Horizon’s Pluto flyby are deemed to be promising and will bring about more exciting space news about Pluto. It will travel longer than any spacecraft ever did to reach their target destination which was approximated to be 9 ½ years. The New Horizon spacecraft was sent in space in 2006. It has been labeled as NASA’s fastest spacecraft having the speed of 36,000 mph (nearly 58,000 kph).

Astronomers and scientists are planning to use the Hubble’s successor, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, for further studies and observations of dwarf planet Pluto. With the Webb Telescopes, infrared eye, it will be capable of doing surface chemistry measurement of Pluto as well as its moons and other bodies in the Kuiper belt. It can also help in discovering if Pluto has other unseen moons. This will be the first exploration of the dwarf planet Pluto and more surprises are expected from this lonely dwarf planet.

From the Vine to the Glass – A History of Wine

Like beer and champagne, the discovering of wine was a happy accident. There are many people all over the world that enjoy wine, and make it their passion. But just how long has wine been around? There is reference to wine being in the Bible, but wine has been around for a lot longer than anyone can possibly imagine. Archaeologists have discovered fossils of grapevines that could be as old as sixty million years old, so clearly wine making has been around a very long time. Wondering just how long wine has been around? Here are some interesting tales of wine that show both its age and origins.

The Holy Bible

English: Noah sent out this dove Русский: Ной ...

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A man named Noah, who was famous for building an ark and putting two of every animal inside of it before a big flood hits, is also the responsible for wine making. In the Old Testament, there is passage that talks about Noah the wine maker. He planted grapes, tended them, then picked them when they were ripe, and made wine.

Ancient Persia

The Middle East has claimed to be the first place that both discovered and made wine. There is a tale in Ancient Persia of a Princess who decided one day to end her life in a rather unusual way. The story goes that this Princess was so distraught after losing the King’s favor, that she decided to commit suicide. The Princess decided to poison herself and grabbed a handful of grapes that had grown rotten. After eating many of these rotten grapes, the Princess became very happy and giggling, then finally she passed out. Many hours later, the Princess awoke and to find that she felt wonderful. The young woman was so happy that she went back to the King, who was pleasantly surprised by her change in attitude, and welcomed her back with open arms. When the Princess told her father the King about what had happened, and everyone began producing spoiled grapes.

The Greeks

Around 1600 BCE, wine made its way to Europe courtesy of the Greeks. The Greeks were huge fans of wine, and even Hippocrates prescribed wine for medicinal purposes. Wine can even be found in both famous Greek poems, The Iliad and Homer’s Odyssey.

Applying pressure to extract the juice from gr...

Applying pressure to extract the juice from grapes with a basket press (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

How is wine made?

Back in the early days, people used to stomp on grapes for their juice. However, some places do use giant wine presses to squeeze the grapes for their juice. After enough juice is squeezed out, its time to start the fermentation process. Yeast is what is used for the fermentation process, but its not the yeast you normally use to bake with. Wine is made with special champagne yeast so the wine can be drunk; people who use bread yeast will soon discover that the wine will have a horrible flavor. Wine can be left to ferment in a barrel for at least a month for that great flavor and color.

Wine has been around for a very long time, dating back thousands of years. There is even a reference to wine in the Holy Bible. Wine was an accidental discovery, supposed in Ancient Persia when a distraught Princess ate a handful of grapes and became intoxicated. No matter how it was discovered, wine is a delicious part of our culture, and drinking this fruit of the vine is truly an art form.

Safety Precautions for Car Drivers While Driving on Dangerous Mountains

Driving through mountainous areas can be a lot of fun, as the scenery and cool air make your trip worthwhile. However, driving safely is even more important when you drive on dangerous mountains, as accidents can occur at all times. Here are some safety precautions you should employ when the road takes you to the mountains.

1.       Never go down fast on a hill

Your speed needs to be well adjusted when you are driving through the mountains. As the road takes you up and down through hills and valleys, make sure to never overstep your brakes. The rule of thumb says that it is best to keep the same speed you use for going up as for going down, as it will allow for smooth driving, without subjecting your car to wear and tear, and yourself and your passengers to potential accidents.

2.       Keep the car to the sides

Because mountain roads are usually narrower than your average interstate highway, you may have the temptation to drive closer to the center line. However, this is not a safe maneuver, as it can lead you to collisions to other vehicles coming from the opposite direction. Also, even if you do not end up involved in an accident, you may still irritate the other drivers.

3.       Always check the weather before leaving

Going through the mountains without having any idea about the weather can be a major mistake. As a driver, you need to be well aware of weather conditions, as wet roads or slush can create a lot of problems, especially when driving on dangerous mountains.

4.       Take curbs at a slower pace

Mountainous roads can be trickier to handle than normal roads. Curbs can be narrower, and the width of the road does not help much either. In order to prevent any accident from happening, make sure that you adjust your speed in order to take curbs in perfect safety.

5.       Leave word behind

If you are going to drive on unpaved roads, and take it on the less beaten path, make sure that someone knows about you and your return time. In case something happens to you, the people you left word behind for will be ready to call emergency and help you escape a dangerous situation.

6.       Keep enough water and snacks in your car

Being well hydrated is important at all times, but especially when you are driving through the mountains. As chances are little that you will encounter an urban setting too often, make sure that you have enough water and snacks for all the passengers.

7.       Run a maintenance check for your car before leaving home

In case of breakdown, and lack of phone lines and mobile coverage, you will have a hard time if you happen to remain stuck in the mountains. Make sure to run a maintenance check before leaving on a trip, so that you do not end up stranded away from home, because of a flat tire.

 

The 2012 London Olympics

The 2012 Olympics, being hosted in London, England this year, is set to begin Friday, July 27, 2012 and go through August 12, 2012. The famous London Tower’s Bridge is now displaying the symbolic multi-colored five circles, representing the Olympic Rings. It marks the upcoming event. Everyone is gearing up and making plans. Coordinators are finalizing the details such as times and dates and who will compete when. Spectators and fans are downloading apps on their SmartPhones so they can be kept up-to-date on the latest news surrounding this awesome annual event.

The opening ceremony kicks off on July 27th with a showcase of the best atheletes of the Host Country, which this year is England. A parade with all the competing nations and the Olympic Flame and the Cauldron will be featured during the opening ceremony.

The UK is full of beautiful architecture which will be seen throughout the coverage the 2012 Olympics. Danny Boyle, Artistic Director, and his team will open the world to the cultural and artistic expressions illustrated in the sculptures and buildings throughout the UK. Fewer continents are more breath-

London 2012 banner at The Monument.

London 2012 banner at The Monument. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

taking than the UK. The ceremony will kick off with the ringing of the European bell. Her Majesty the Queen will make an appearance to signify this special event.

After the parade concludes, there will be speeches made by the chair and coordinators of the Olympics, Seb Coe and Jacques Rogge. The Olympic anthem and flag for each nation will then be displayed. The national anthem for each country will be broadcasted while the respective flag for that nation is proudly flown over head. Oaths will be collected by the judges. And, as traditionally happens, the torch is passed through the athletes and presented to the final one who will light the caldron with the torch, marking the start of the Olympic Games. The light from the cauldron will continue throughout the entirety of the 2012 Olympics.

An estimated four billion people will watch the 15,000 participants who will be in the Opening Ceremony.

Danny Boyle is a well known British filmmaker who has won the Academy Award for Best Director for his production of such movies such as Slumdog Millionaire and 127 Hours. Bradley Hemmings and Jenny Sealey are part of his creative team this year for the Olympics.

LONDON, ENGLAND - JULY 27:  British Olympic di...

LONDON, ENGLAND – JULY 27: British Olympic diver Tom Daley (Image credit: Getty Images via @daylife)

Although subject to change, Archery is the first sport which will be featured on July 27th. All four archery events will take place on this opening day, men’s and women’s both individual and team play. The athlete to watch for in the archery events is Korean athlete Im Dong-Hyun who has broken two world records.

On Saturday July 28th there will be a total of 19 sports participating that day including seven medal events. The medal events held on July 28th will be archery, cycling, fencing, Judo, shooting, swimming and wrestling.

Good luck to all athletes and all coaches on all teams in all countries! Everyone is proud of each and every athlete and prayers go to all for safe and fruitful accomplishments. This year will prove to be a great year for the 2012 Olympics.

How to Keep your Vehicle Maintenance on Schedule

Your vehicle requires regular maintenance and upkeep to stay on the road and out of the repair shop. But, most of us ignore the maintenance part until the vehicle stops working. This important aspect helps in proper functioning of the car, and determines the performance as well as longevity of your vehicle.

Maintaining your car involves more than just taking care of exterior paint and shiny wax. It is a complete process that includes taking care of all the parts of the vehicle. Changing oil, regular servicing, checking brakes, changing tyres and lubricating the engine are some of the regular vehicle maintenance tips that can keep your car running longer, and of course you save money on unnecessary repairs. Let us have a look at the easy vehicle maintenance tips that will not just maintain your car but will also help in keeping your family safe.

1. Tires: Rotate the position of your tires every 5,000+. Keep the tires properly inflated to maintain proper pressure. Proper tire pressure not just increases the gas mileage, but inflated tires are safe and last longer. Regular cleaning of brake dust stuck to the wheels in important.

2. Engine: Oil is the lifeblood of your engine. It keeps the parts of your engine running smooth and clean. Change your oil and oil filter every 7,500 miles.
High or low levels of oil can cause trouble to your engine. To check the oil, let your car run for a few minutes and then park on level ground. Wait for the engine to cool down. Locate the oil dipstick, and check for the level as well as the color of the oil. If the level is between the indicated high and low markings, you are fine. If the oil is dark colored, you need to change the oil and oil filter.

3. Hoses and belts: Check the hoses and belts for any cracks, leaks and loose connections. Change the belt if it becomes excessively slick or smooth.

4. Battery: Clean the battery terminals regularly and apply a light coat of grease. Always maintain the levels of distilled water in the battery.

5. Air filter: Salt and other thick debris can clog the air filter of your car. A clogged air filter can decrease the mileage and affect the efficiency of your car. The time of change of your air filter depends upon the miles covered, and the road and air conditions in which you drive. Usually the recommended interval for air filter change is 12,000 miles.

6. Coolant: Make sure the coolant levels are fine and change your coolant every two years. Check for any coolant leak at the place where your car is parked.

7. Brakes: This is one of the most important vehicle maintenance tips. Check the brake linings and brake pedals. Repairing brake issues regularly can keep your family safe.

8. Interiors and exteriors: Keep the interior of your car clean and hygienic by using car cleaners. Use quality paints and waxes to keep it shiny and polished. Wash it regularly to maintain your car as new.

How Do You Care For a Hamster

If you’re wondering how to take care of your hamster then you are in the right place. Dwarf/Teddy bear hamsters are wonderful, affordable pets and among the most favorite pets to own. They are amazingly cute, super cuddly and easy to take care of!

Excellent pet hamster care is not hard, but there`re a couple of things you ought to know. This post will cover some ways to adoringly care for your sweet, tiny, furry hamster. So, read on and learn how to take care of hamsters.

Housing Care

The first thing you need to do is to provide housing which provides your Hamster room to play and exercise and should not be situated in a drafty place or direct sunlight.

HAMSTERS!

HAMSTERS! (Photo credit: tigerweet)

Ensure that your Hamster has access adequate food andwater, and also chew sticks so that she can maintain her incisor teeth. With excellent pet hamster attention the bedding must be changed every week or as needed, and also the housing should be washed with water and mild soap and after rinsing must be permitted to dry fully before returning your hamster to his home. Make it a point to play with your pet and give her plenty of attention. You will find she’s one furry, fuzzy, lively ball of fun!

Diet and Nutrition

Hamster in hand-cropped

Hamster in hand-cropped (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Providing your hamster excellent pet hamster care includes offering her with the finest diet possible. Therefore, knowing what hamsters eat, or the things they like to consume is important.

In her natural habitat, a hamster consumes insects, seeds, grain, vegetables and fruits. But, as a pet, a great hamster diet will comprise of a dried up hamster mix together with a small quantity of fresh vegetables and seasonal fruit. Remember, too much green veggies may give your pet diarrhea. Meal worms or small crickets from pet shop can complement their diet, too. A little experimenting will assist you determine which meals your hamster loves most. Yogies make great hamster treats.

Note: Hamsters should never be fed chocolate, sweets, or foodstuff which are fatty

Hamsters have got a natural love and also an instinctive need to gnaw and chew. Gnawing and chewing on hard things makes their teeth to have a healthy length, as their teeth constantly grow in the course of their lives. Wooden housing is not advised since it won’t take very long for the hamster to munch through the timber and make an escape. Suitable items would include chew toys and chew sticks.

Hygiene

Providing your hamster with a water bath is not essential. Actually, it could eliminate their natural oils and also may make your hamster to become chilled, resulting in illness or death. In its natural wild habitat it rolls in the sand to maintain their fur from becoming too oily.

Instead of water bath is to give your hamster some chinchilla sand in her cage, in a compact bowl. This lets your hamster to ‘shower’ securely and as much as she feels is necessary.

To ensure your hamster is happy and healthy, it’s crucial to give your little guy the perfect pet hamster care feasible!