Lacrosse is a team sport in which players must pass, catch and carry a rubber ball with sticks with a mesh pocket. The objective of the game is to score points by throwing the ball into the opposing goal.
The history of lacrosse is difficult to trace because the facts are often mixed with fiction and many aspects of the history of the sport have been transmitted as folklore. In the literature we find that for Native Americans, lacrosse was neither a sport nor a fun game; it was rather a religious practice.
A number of rituals that were followed before the game resembled war rituals. The players painted themselves in camouflage and painted their sticks too. They also danced and performed sacrifices a day before the game.
The lacrosse has been an Olympic sport in two editions of the Summer Olympic Games in 1904 and 1908. On both occasions it was only open to men and won by a Canadian team. It was also a demonstration event in 1928, 1932 and 1948. Lacrosse World Championships are held every four years.
Modern day Lacrosse:
Lacrosse is one of the oldest organized sports in North America. The sport is divided into four distinct sets: the men’s field lacrosse, women’s field lacrosse, Lacrosse and Inter-Crosse.
1. The men’s field lacrosse:
The men’s field lacrosse is played by two teams of ten players each on a field. The most noticeable feature of the lacrosse field is the use of longer sticks by three defenders and one midfielder of each team.
2. The women’s field lacrosse:
The women’s field lacrosse is a non-contact sport played by twelve players per team. The movement of the ball and the ability to pass are key elements of the sport and the shallow depth of the pocket hanging on the stick makes the reception and ball control more difficult.
Lacrosse was born in 1930. It is a way to take advantage of hockey pitches, which are unoccupied during the summer months. Lacrosse is sometimes regarded as the fastest sport on two feet. Bounce and body checking on the ground make the game exciting to watch. In addition, the rule that a team has 30 seconds to score a point or else has to drop the ball to a player of the opposing team helps to raise the score of the teams and necessitates speed. Lacrosse is usually played on a cement surface.
The professional indoor lacrosse is similar to lacrosse in many ways, particularly in terms of the number of players per side, i.e. 5 players and a goalie, the rule of 30 seconds and the existence of boards around the surface of the game.
The Inter-Crosse, a form of Lacrosse is a low risk game designed for education and entertainment. This game is easy to play and requires molded plastic sticks and a small softball. It allows the participants to learn the basics of lacrosse i.e. collection, transportation, passing and catching the ball.
1. The Crosse:
The lacrosse stick or Crosse can be wooden or made of aluminum or composite materials with a pocket in the head near its tip. It must be 40-42 inches long for an attacker and 52-72 inches for the three defenders and a midfielder. The clubhead is 6.5 – 10 inches wide, except the goalkeeper’s that can be 10-12 inches wide.
2. The Ball.
The ball must be made of solid rubber and can be white, yellow, or orange. It measures 7.75-8 inches in circumference and weighs 5-5.25 ounces.
3. The hull – A protective iron helmet should be used by all players
4. Gloves – It is mandatory for all players to wear gloves.
5. Protective Equipment:
All the players barring the goalkeeper must wear pads / overalls, elbow guard and a protective cup. The goalkeeper is required to wear a throat protector along with his helmet, protective overalls, gloves and mouthpiece.
The sport of lacrosse is still developing and trying to gain popularity. Advertising campaigns organized by minor lacrosse clubs have begun to bear fruit. Daily publication of the results of the Junior League matches are contributing in gathering public interest.